HOME REPAIR GLOSSARY
Home repair, remodeling, and renovation terms defined.
tile for walls and ceilings made of mineral, wood, vegetable fibers, cork,
or metal. Its purpose is to control sound volume, while providing cover.
that carry warm air and cold air to rooms and back to furnace or air
The rate of flow of electricity through electric wires.
A paved area, such as the juncture of a driveway with the street or
with a garage entrance.
gravel or earth replaced in the space around a building wall
after foundations are in place.
supports of a balustrade rail.
row of balusters topped by a rail, edging a balcony or a staircase.
board along the floor against walls and
partitions to hid gaps.
in the form of a blanket, rather than loose filling
thin strips covering joints between wider boards on exterior building
of the principal horizontal wood or steel members of a building.
wall that supports a floor or roof of a building.
Bib or Bibcock
water faucet to which a hose may be attached, also called a hose bib or
of resin or gum from lumber. This term is also used in referring to the
process of drawing air from water pipes.
piece of wood or other material used to form a triangle and stiffen some
part of a structure.
technique using posts and cross-bracing for greater rigidity.
used as the outer surface of a framed wall.
wood or metal pieces placed diagonally between floor joists.
paper used in
walls or roofs to damp proof.
roofing material applied in sealed, waterproof layers, where there is only
a slight slope to the roof.
point of two pieces of wood or molding.
cable wrapped in
rubber with a flexible steel outer covering
projecting beam or joist, not supported
at one end, used to
support an extension of a structure.
member which supports the steps or treads of a stair.
window sash that opens on hinges at the vertical edge.
and window framing.
►A hollow wall formed by firmly linked masonry walls,
providing an insulating air space between.
capping around the top of chimney bricks and around the floors to protect
the masonry from
molding on a wall around a room at the level of a chair back.
with pared-off corners.
groove in a masonry wall or through a floor to accommodate pipes or ducts.
horizontal projection-usually inside a building-of a chimney from the wall
in which it is built.
safety device which opens (breaks) an electric circuit automatically when
it becomes overloaded.
tank to catch and
store rain water.
long thin board, thicker on one edge, overlapped and nailed on for
horizontal beam fastened above the lower ends of rafters to add rigidity.
or brick used to cap
or cover the top of a masonry wall.
horizontal projection from a wall, forming a ledge or supporting a
structure above it.
strip of wood or metal for protecting the external corners of plastered
projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof.
horizontal row of bricks, cinder blocks or other masonry materials.
light sources behind a cornice or
horizontal recess which
direct the light upon a reflecting ceiling.
shallow, unfinished space beneath the first floor of a house which has no
basement, used for visual
inspection and access to pipes and ducts. Also, a shallow space in
the attic, immediately under the roof.
framing members above and below windows.
rough frame of a door.
projecting frame of a recess in a sloping roof.
insulating window pane formed of two thicknesses of glass with a sealed
air space between
Double Hung Windows
with an upper and lower sash, each
supported by cords and weights.
A spout or pipe to carry rain water down from a roof or gutters.
pipe for conducting rainwater from the roof to a cistern or to the ground
by way of a
piece of metal which secures the downspout to the eaves or wall of a
projecting part of a cornice which sheds rain water.
wall surface of plasterboard or material other than plaster.
extension of roof beyond house walls.
powder that forms on the surface of brick.
sewage from a septic tank or sewage
flat horizontal member of a cornice placed in a vertical position.
insulating material which is applied by hand or blown into wall spaces
corrosive metal used around angles or junctions in roofs and exterior
walls to prevent
pieces which rest
on outer foundation
walls and interior beams or girders.
passageway in a chimney for conveying smoke, gases or fumes to the outside
base on which a foundation sits.
parts of walls on which the structure
is built. Foundation walls of masonry or concrete are mainly below ground level.
rough lumber of a house-joists, studs, rafters, and beams.
wood, or metal applied to a wall to
level the surface for
lathing, boarding, or plastering, to create an insulating air space, and to damp proof the wall.
short plug in an electric panel box which opens (breaks) an electrical
circuit when it becomes
triangular part of a wall under the inverted "v" of the roof line.
roof with two pitches, designed to provide more space on upper floors.
The roof is steeper on its lower slope and flatter toward the ridge.
main member in a framed floor supporting the joists which carry the
flooring boards. It carries the
weight of a floor or partition.
glass into windows or doors.
point at which the ground rests against the foundation wall.
which has been inadequately dried and which tends to warp or "bleed"
of wood embedded in plaster of walls to which skirtings are attached. Also
used to stop the plaster work around doors and windows.
brace or bracket used to strengthen a structure.
channel at the eaves for conveying away rain water.
close-grained wood from broad-leaved trees such as oak or maple.
supporting joists in a floor or double wood members placed on edge over
windows and doors to transfer the roof and floor weight to the
end of a rafter that rests on the wall plate.
roof that slants upward on three or four sides.
external angle formed by the juncture of two slopes of a roof.
horizontal glass slats angled to admit-ventilation and keep out rain. This term is also used for outside shutters of wood constructed in
upright surface that lines an opening for a door or window.
sectional member arranged parallel from wall to wall in a building, or
resting on beams or girders. They support a floor or the laths or furring strips of a
drying of lumber, superior to most lumber that is air dried.
center post of a truss. Large, heavy screws, used where great strength is
required, as in heavy framing or when attaching ironwork to wood.
heavy screws, used where great strength is required, as in heavy framing
or when attaching
ironwork to wood.
steel tube sometimes filled with concrete, used to support girders or
other floor beams.
of a number of thin narrow strips of wood nailed to rafters, ceiling
joists, wall studs, etc. to make agroundwork or key for slates, tiles, or plastering.
in the trenches carrying treated wastes from septic tanks.
piece of wood which is attached to a beam to support joists.
top piece over a door or window which supports
walls above the opening.
strong wall capable of supporting weight.
opening with horizontal slats to permit passage of air, but excluding
rain, sunlight and view.
built by a mason, using brick, stone, tile or similar materials.
strip of decorative material having a plane or curved narrow
surface prepared for ornamental
application. These strips are often used to hide gaps at wall
paper or metal that retards or bars water vapor, used to keep moisture
from passing into walls or
framing which divides the lights or panes of windows.
upright post or the upright formed by the inner or smaller ends of steps
steps of a circular staircase wind. In a straight flight staircase, the
principal post at the foot or the secondary post at a landing.
rounded edge of a stair tread.
rough coat of mortar applied over a masonry wall as protection or finish;
may also serve as a base for an
asphaltic waterproofing compound below grade.
projection or the foundation wall used to support a floor girder or
stiffen the wall.
angle of slope of a roof.
(See Dry Wall)
board, used instead of plaster.
of wood placed
on wall surfaces as fastening devices. The bottom member of the wall is the sole plate and the top member is the rafter plate.
chamber which can serve as a distribution area for heating or cooling
between a false ceiling and the actual ceiling.
of joints in masonry by filling with mortar to improve appearance or
protect against weather.
construction in which beams are
supported by heavy
posts rather than many smaller studs.
of components such as walls, trusses, or doors, before delivery to the
groove cut in a board to receive another board.
of electricity, hot water or steam pipes embedded in floors, ceilings, or
walls to heat rooms.
of a series of structural roof members spanning
from an exterior wall to a center ridge beam or ridge board.
strengthened with wire or metal bars.
thick longitudinal plank to which the ridge rafters of a roof are
upright piece of
a stair step, from tread to tread.
usually of plywood, which are nailed to the top edges of trusses or
rafters to tie the
roof together and support the roofing material.
panel with plastic, paper, or other material enclosed between two layers
of a different material.
movable part of a window-the frame
in which panes of glass
are set in a window or door.
small opening either to the attic, to the crawl space or to the plumbing
sewage disposal system composed of a septic
tank and a connected cesspool.
sewage settling tank in which part of the sewage is converted into gas and
sludge before the remaining
waste is discharged by gravity into a leaching bed underground.
Sheathing (See Wall
first covering of boards or material on the outside wall or roof prior to
finished siding or roof covering.
►Thin tapered piece of wood used for leveling or
tightening a stair or other building element.
Pieces of wood, asbestos or other material used as an overlapping outer
covering on walls or
with rabbeted edges overlapping.
special design nailed horizontally to vertical studs with or without
sheathing to form the exposed surface of outside
walls of frame buildings.
lowest member of the house framing resting on top of the foundation wall. Also called the
boards around the margin of a floor; baseboards.
floor placed directly on earth or a gravel base and usually about four
of wood laid
over concrete floor to which the finished wood floor is nailed or glued.
visible underwide of structural members such as staircases, cornices,
beams, a roof overhang or eave.
worked wood or wood from a conebearing tree.
plumbing pipe for waste water.
long, horizontal member which connects uprights in a frame or supports a
floor or the like.
One of the enclosed sides of a stair supporting the treads and
wall framing, the vertical members to which horizontal pieces are nailed.
Studs are spaced either 16
inches or 24 inches apart.
plywood sheets that are nailed
directly to the floor joists and that receive the finish
pit in the basement in which water collects to be pumped out with a sump
wide shallow depression in the ground to form a channel for storm water
wood member which binds a pair of principal rafters at the bottom.
drain tiles laid
to distribute septic tank effluent over an absorption area or to provide subsoil drainage in wet areas.
nails at an angle into corners or other joints.
joint in which the jutting
edge of one board fits into the grooved end of a similar board.
bend in a water pipe to hold water so gases will not escape from the
plumbing system into
horizontal part of a
combination of structural members usually arranged in triangular units to
form a rigid framework for
spanning between load-bearing walls.
depression at the meeting point of two roof slopes.
such as paper, metal or paint which is used to prevent vapor from passing
rooms into the outside walls.
window with one large fixed central pane and smaller panes at each side.
pipe which allows gas to escape from plumbing systems.
edge of tiles, slates or shingles, projecting over the
gable of a roof.
lower three or four feet of an interior wall when lined with paneling,
tile or other material
different from the rest of the wall.
of plywood, gypsum board, or other material nailed to the outside face of
studs as a
base for exterior siding.
Metal, wood, plastic or other material installed around door and window
openings to prevent air infiltration.
small hole in a wall which permits water to drain off.